This changed with the gradual establishment of the Empire, as restraint and modesty were emphasised, and glory and virtus depended increasingly on imperial connections, rather than personal superiority or family honour. Tiberius Gracchus, who lived during the Republic, was seemingly successful in realising the aristocratic ideal, as his many virtues and attainments met the expectations of a high-born noble of the time. However, his deviations from the expected path of nobility ultimately caused his death.
This article has a question mark.
The intention of this small essay logically is to examine what is meant by the "Roman virtues". Did they really exist? If not, why do we think they existed? And if they do, what virtues? And what were they based on? The first question to clear is probably to sketch what a "Roman" is.
As with many modern peoples, it's hard to tell. Strictly speaking a Roman was an inhabitant from the city of Rome itself. In a wider sense, it meant all citizens in the Roman Empire. However, their ethnic heritages were mostly mixed. The farther away from the capital itself, the fewer Italic elements will be found in a Roman's ethnic and cultural heritage.
A common mistake is to think that this multiculturalism is something typical of the empire.
In fact, even during the early Republic Italia itself was already very much multicultural, even when dominated by Rome from BCE and onwards. In the south lived significant and powerful Greek minorities and the north was populated by the Etruscans. And the Italic peoples were subdivided into several other tribes themselves, one of which was the Latins, which would become the later "Romans".
In short, being Roman had nothing really to do with ethnic heritage although it should be added that it did play a role throughout the Republic and the early Empire.
It wasn't about geopolitics either. Not everyone who lived within the borders of the Empire accepted or lived by the Roman culture. Perhaps then we could identify a "Roman" as someone who feels and acts according to Roman culture and traditions, although there is certainly room for other influences.
So we may have found one facet: Like most ancient peoples, the Romans were religiously fairly tolerant towards others although they did consciously spread theirs across the conquered regions as well.
So, if we accept the definition of a Roman as a "cultural Roman", we could wonder what distinguished Roman culture from the others in the Mediterranean area.
The best and most notable characteristic was probably their ability to adapt and perfect elements from other cultures. Their literature, although nationalistic and often with juicy details, showed a lot of Greek influence. Egyptian mystery cults were imported from the east.
Their temples and religious organisations had undergone profound Etruscan influences. And they were the first to produce Gaul barrels on a large scale. Although one should be careful when making such comparisons, one could compare the Romans to the modern Japanese: Of course there are more dour and didactical authors as well, but the comical talent of writers like Martialis, Iuvenalis and Horatius is unrivaled.
Often rude and boorish, but sophisticated just the same.Virtues and Values Essay Sample. Virtues and Values are very important to health care today. Virtues and values are not about what a person wants to be, but rather virtues and values are about who a person really is. Aug 12, · Tiberius Gracchus – a Roman Republican of great valour The virtues and attainments which defined the Roman aristocrat during the Republic were those concerned with gaining personal pre-eminence and virtus through great deeds, to bring glory to the state and family.
Roman Virtues Essay When relating the order of importance of the Roman virtues to my life, I found many of them equally important. I grouped them for the purpose of this essay. I would describe a virtue as a morally good character trait that one is not born with, but must strive for.
Patience is a perfect example of this. In other words, the best illustration of Virgil’s idea of the values and virtues of a “good Roman” is obedience. In the story Aeneas focused on reaching the destination set by the gods, which were the supreme beings in the story.
The Roman Empire was one of the greatest and longest lasting empires to date, but by A.D. the empire was divided in two and its downfall was inevitable. There are many reasons for the downfall of the Western Roman Empire, some political some economical, but the four biggest factors were religion, war, size, and the decline of the Military.
This is how "virtue" is similar and dissimilar to "values." Virtue is similar in that how we are (our first natures) in relation to the virtues (understood, described by stories, taught and lived by practice) is personal; but unlike "values" the virtues are also shared and cannot be simply chosen or ignored at will.