The Keystone Scripture, ed. Cheesman was professor of ancient scripture at Brigham Young University when this was published. The idea of ancient contact between the Old and the New World has been studied by so many scholars with so many varying solutions that there appears to be no consensus concerning the origin of the group whom we call the American Indians.
Neo-feudal land-tenure developments of late Song and Yuan times were arrested with the establishment of the Ming dynasty. Great landed estates were confiscated by the government, fragmented, and rented out, and private slavery was forbidden.
In the 15th century, consequently, independent peasant landholders dominated… Over time, some plants and animals have become domesticated, or dependent on these and other human interventions for their long-term propagation or survival.
Domestication is a biological process in which, under human selection, organisms develop characteristics that increase their utility, as when plants provide larger seeds, fruitor tubers than their wild progenitors.
Known as cultigens, domesticated plants come from a wide range of families groups of closely related genera that share a common ancestor; see genus. The grass Poaceaebean Fabaceaeand nightshade or potato Solanaceae families have produced a disproportionately large number of cultigens because they have characteristics that are particularly amenable to domestication.
Domesticated animals tend to have developed from species that are social in the wild and that, like plants, could be bred to increase the traits that are advantageous for people. Most domesticated animals are more docile than their wild counterparts, and they often produce more meatwoolor milk as well.
They have been used for traction, transport, pest control, assistance, and companionship and as a form of wealth.
Species with abundant domesticated varieties, or breeds, include the dog Canis lupus familiariscat Felis catuscattle Bos speciessheep Ovis speciesgoat Capra speciesswine Sus specieshorse Equus caballuschicken Gallus gallusand duck and goose family Anatidae.
Because it is a cultural phenomenon, agriculture has varied considerably across time and space.
Domesticated plants and animals have been and continue to be raised at scales ranging from the household to massive commercial operations. This article recognizes the wide range of activities that encompass food production and emphasizes the cultural factors leading to the creation of domesticated organisms.
It discusses some of the research techniques used to discern the origins of agriculture as well as the general trajectory of agricultural development in the ancient societies of Southwest Asia, the Americas, East Asia, Southeast Asiathe Indian subcontinent, and Europe.
For specific techniques of habitat alteration and plant propagationsee horticulture. For techniques of animal propagation, see livestock farming ; poultry farming.
Page 1 of New and Old World Posted on December 6, by advanial The basic necessities of a civilization building greatly develops along similar lines whether it is a New World or an Old World civilization.
Even if the warmer, wetter, higher CO 2 conditions of the Holocene are considered, the onset of agriculture was still rapid in the Americas with 2 of 5 (40%) regions independently developing agriculture near the onset of the Holocene (∼10, BP) versus 1 of 6 (16%) in the old world.
The Development of Agriculture The Farming Revolution Taking root around 12, years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the “Neolithic Revolution.”.
As the glaciers sheltered at the end of the last Ice Age, (when Asia and North America were connected by a piece of land) the hills and mountains of Mesoamerica, or Middle America changed dramatically.
From about BC farmers from these regions began to plant crops and this period was al. The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively.
Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of urbanagricultureinitiative.com least eleven separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as . Origins of agriculture - Early development: The development of agriculture involves an intensification of the processes used to extract resources from the environment: more food, medicine, fibre, and other resources can be obtained from a given area of land by encouraging useful plant and animal species and discouraging others.
As the .