Some have supposed that "there may originally have been two separate figures, one called something like Odysseus, the other something like Ulixes, who were combined into one complex personality.
Miscellaneous Bending Active Systems in Antiquity: What was so special about the bow of Odysseus? While today archery is mostly practiced for sport, the bow and arrow have been used by humans in hunting for centuries.
The purpose for bows, regardless of the target, is to propel an arrow using stored elastic energy. The Odyssey tells the journey of Odysseus, a hero in Greek mythology. As part of the story, his wife, Penelope, patiently waits for 20 years during and after the Trojan War for her husband to return.
Through this time she challenged her suitors to string the bow of Odysseus. With the exception of Odysseus himself, none of the suitors possessed the strength needed to string the bow.
Ceramic with depiction of Odysseus holding bow and arrow in The Odyssey While Odysseus was a Greek hero, there is a limit to human strength when stringing a bow.
The human body allows one to draw their arm back about 60 cm and the maximum force a strong man can withstand holding in a string is about N Gordon. Therefore, the available muscular energy is 0. The energy stored in the long bow is equal to the area under this plot triangle ABC: This stored energy due to deformation is known as strain energy.
Sketches of traditional long bow in unstrung, strung and extended conditions Figure 1: The area under the curve is equal to the total stored energy in Joules.
However, in the Odyssey Penelope does not have just any bow. Unlike the bow in Figure 1, which has zero energy when initially strung and straight, this bow requires significant energy to be strained from backward to forward curve.
From there, additional stored energy is added as the archer draws back the string. Now, the energy available for arrow propulsion is equal to the area of ABCD, about Joules Gordon compared to Joules in the first case. This higher energy stored in the bow, allowed Odysseus, a skilled archer, to eliminate Penelope suitors with well-aimed shots.
Sketches of palintonos in unstrung, strung and extended conditions Figure 2: Due to the added extension in stringing the bow, the total stored energy is larger. Historic records shows the incredible engineering detailing of these palintonos bows.For one thing, the very fact that Odysseus is the only one that can use the bow in book twenty-one shows that he is physically strong.
However, Odysseus is not known for his strength, but his cunning. May 04, · Through this time she challenged her suitors to string the bow of Odysseus. With the exception of Odysseus himself, none of the suitors possessed the strength needed to string the bow.
Ceramic with depiction of Odysseus holding bow and arrow in The Odyssey.
While Odysseus was a Greek hero, there is a limit to human strength when stringing a bow. Summary Penelope announces the contest and retrieves Odysseus' great backsprung bow from a secret storeroom deep in the palace.
For sport, Telemachus attempts t. When the contest of the bow begins, none of the suitors is able to string the bow of Apollo but then, after all the suitors have given up, the disguised Odysseus .
When the contest of the bow begins, none of the suitors is able to string the bow of Apollo but then, after all the suitors have given up, the disguised Odysseus .
Odysseus’ bow was a gift that only he would be able to bend and string for shooting. It symbolizes Odysseus’ right to be kind of Ithaca by using it to reclaim his kingdom by defeating the.