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Shorthand Overview Most traditional shorthand systems use a phonetic representation of a word as opposed to the way it is spelled. English spelling has 50 speech sounds and 26 letters to represent them. Here are the issues you will face learning symbol-based shorthand.
First, all shorthand systems based on assigning speed writing abc shorthand unique outline to a specific word and require a very considerable time to memorize tens of thousands of outlines.
Second, a large number of shorthand outlines demands constant practice on a daily basis to remember all memorized symbols including the ones you haven't used but you might use them in the future.
Third, depending on the form and thickness of symbols it might translate to different meaning and transcription often represents a problem. Fourth, symbol-based shorthand systems cannot be used with a computer. To make up for the missing symbols, several letters are often combined to represent a sound.
This wouldn't be so difficult if a consistency could be established. For instance, the "sh" sound can be spelled in many different ways: The vowel letters can be spelled in various ways. The "oo" sound has many different spellings: If all English words are counted, there are 28 different spellings for each sound, or over 1, ways to spell 40 sounds.
Writing phonetically reduces the number of symbols per word but requires a very long time to learn tens of thousands of outlines. In addition, phonetically-based shorthand can be only read by the person who wrote the symbols and information exchange cannot be done easily.
It is based on geometrical curves and lines in varying lengths and angles written on lined paper. Different pairs of sounds are written thin or thick strokes using a special flexible fountain pen tip. The shorthand outlines vary in sound depending on a number of rules.
The Pitman system is a unique phonetic alphabet and diacritical marks have to be added alongside the lines to indicate vowels increasing the system's complexity. Practicing and building up speed is difficult because Pitman system has a large number of rules and short-forms.
It can be compared to mastering of a foreign language when you learn to read and write. Gregg shorthand outlines have forward slope and forms similar to cursive handwriting. The Gregg alphabet is based on the oval with size variations designating different sets of related sounds. Connected hooks and circles represent the vowels.
Vowels and consonants are written together in pairs to be continuous and are represented by short and long strokes. A significant drawback is that short and long outlines designate different letters, which may cause confusion if the size is incorrectly written. In addition, each vowel symbol can represent several possible vowel sounds which increases system's difficulty.
Reviewing Gregg Shorthand Dictionary emphasizes the inherent ambiguities of the system and the amount of time required to memorize tens of thousands of outlines.
Gregg Shorthand is highly cursive and it is not easily readable. Gregg Shorthand abbreviations must be immediately translated and a considerable effort would be required if transcription is not done right away. Learning Gregg Shorthand requires an extended period of time and constant practicing to keep a large number of outlines in your memory.
It's likely that for some words you will not remember their outlines. Also, Gregg shorthand has outlines only for 28, words which means you will have to create outlines or abbreviations for the missing words on your own.
You can easily combine the Gregg and EasyScript to reduce the learning time and the volume of memorization. EasyScript enables you to create abbreviations for any word and they can be used for the words that are particularly difficult to remember or for which Gregg shorthand outlines are not available.The Justice department has finally produced 49 pages comprising around previously "missing" text messages sent between two anti-Trump FBI employees in charge of investigating him.
The messages, sent between FBI special agent Peter Strzok and FBI counsel Lisa Page, who were also having an extramarital affair together, span the period between December 16, and May 23, Analysis Options--residual-text: Includes the residual signal in the analysis file.
This will make the file very big, much larger than even the decoded fileresidual-gnuplot: Generates a gnuplot file for every subframe; each file will contain the residual distribution of the subframe.
Is there a tool to help find bugs or perform static analysis? ¶ Yes. PyChecker is a static analysis tool that finds bugs in Python source code and warns about code complexity and style.
Inbound Logistics' glossary of transportation, logistics, supply chain, and international trade terms can help you navigate through confusion and get to the meaning behind industry jargon. History of Shorthand. Developing shortcuts in your writing is not a new idea, of course.
Students have been using this method for as long as they've been taking class notes. In fact, the origins of shorthand date back to Ancient Greece during the 4th century B.C.
A reader writes: The person who took minutes at our board meetings has moved on, and I’m leaving her position vacant for budget reasons. I want our bookkeeper to take this duty on, because she has already shown she’s trustworthy with sensitive information, and I feel she’s the best person on our staff for this.