An Essay on Education and Equality.
The son of a coal miner, Bevan was a lifelong champion of social justice and the rights of working people. He was one of the chief spokesmen for the Labour party's left wing, and of left-wing British thought generally. His most famous accomplishment came when, as Minister of Health, he spearheaded the establishment of the National Health Service, which was to provide medical care free at point-of-need to all Britons.
In this 21st century that we are living, it is fair to say that Mauritius can now be tagged as a developing country.
More so, the island is often seen as a point of reference in terms of quality of life, development, sustainability as well as the good implementation of social policy and planning amongst its African counterparts. Nevertheless, the exact opposite that is social problems are also present throughout the island.
Despite the big leap from the 80s to the new millennium in terms of development, the government of Mauritius is still in need of new social policies to care for the welfare of its citizens and at the same time tackle the problems that exists effectively.
But before going in depth about the above assertion and its relevance and application in the context of Mauritius, let us have a look at the definition of social policy first.
What is Social Policy? Social policy is often defined as social services such as education, health, employment, and social security.
However, social policy is also about redistribution, protection and social justice. Social policy is about bringing people into the centre of policy-making, not by providing residual welfare, but by mainstreaming their needs and voice across sectors, generating stability and social cohesion.
Social policy is also instrumental in that governments use it pragmatically to secure the political support of citizens, and to promote positive economic outcomes by enhancing human capital and productive employment. Social policies can also create a virtuous circle linking human and economic development that, in the long run, will benefit everybody by boosting domestic demand and creating stable cohesive societies2.
In addition to that, social policy also deals with redistribution, protection and social justice. What is meant by this? According to us, redistribution is the tax money of those who have contributed to it and the government using it in order to enhance the social services for the benefit of the population.
Protection is having law and order in the country to keep things in balance and Mauritius being one of the country around the world not using military services, it is the police force who ensure that law and order is being respected. Social policy is also important because governments makes use of it in different ways to secure the political support of citizens in order to win an election.
In order to win one, a particular government has to make sure that it is fighting for the interests of the country and its citizens by enhancing social welfare in the process as well as providing numerous facilities for everyone to benefit from. What are the different views on Social Policy?
Marxist views on social policy3: The relationship between these two groups is not equal as the working class are forced to sell their labour to the capitalists in return for money.Egalitarianism is a trend of thought in political philosophy. An egalitarian favors equality of some sort: People should get the same, or be treated the same, or be treated as equals, in some respect.
Program Overview. The University of South Florida offers a program leading to a Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) degree in the School of Social Work within the College of Behavioral and Community Sciences. University of Nevada, Las Vegas professor of social work, William M.
Epstein, defines social policy as, “social action sanctioned by society” (American Social Welfare Policy, ). “Welfare policy, whether the product of governmental, voluntary or corporate institutions, is concerned with allocating goods, services and opportunities to enhance social functioning” (American Social Welfare Policy, ).
The Politics of American Social Policy, Past and Future established for industrial workers and needy citizens in Europe and Australasia (Flora and Alber ). Later, from the s through the s, such pro-.
Modern welfare state development is generally considered to lead to social security or benefits payments, social housing provision, health provision, social work and educational services. Together these services are known as the ‘big five’ but these services tend to develop over time and have differed in quantity, availability and quality.
Evidence-based analysis and rigorous evaluation are critical tools to promote effective policies and strong management in the Federal nutrition assistance programs.
The Office of Policy Support (OPS) leads the development and execution of FNS's study and evaluation agenda. This web page is intended to provide access to OPS's work to .