Enjoy free essays, examples of research papers, sample term papers, free dissertation samples and paper writing tips for all students. Example papers and sample papers on the most popular topics. More teens are being pressured into joining gangs than ever before. Now gangs are getting new members from middle and junior high schools, even from elementary schools.
It also looks at the question of whether economic incentive is a factor in gang membership, and whether or not peer pressure increases violent crimes among gang members.
The paper concludes by exploring various experts' proposals for reducing the amount of youth joining gangs in America. The first documented youth gang was in the late s in New York, so gangs have been part of American culture for well over two centuries Arinde,p.
Most of the youth who get involved with gangs come from poor neighborhoods in large cities such as New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, etc. Seals expresses the general consensus on gangs thus: For the past 80 years, ethnographic research has linked the behavioral patterns of the urban under-privileged to street gang formation and proliferation.
This literature shows that gang activity is most common among impoverished young males and concludes that gang participation is the manifestation of greater societal pressures on these individuals p. Kingsbury also notes that "gangs are perpetuated by a cycle of despair that is nearly impossible to break," and gives us a revealing statistic.
Since the s, gang-related homicide has been the main cause of death for young black men between the ages of 15 and 34 p. There are of course historical reasons that many African Americans ended up in impoverished big-city ghettos where gangs proliferate, but gangs are by no means only a phenomenon among African Americans.
Gangs arise from every ethnicity in America, and we should examine some studies and reliable statistics in order to get a clearer picture of the problem of gangs in America. Obtaining a clear picture can be difficult, however. Kingsbury points out that "gauging the true scope of the gang problem is difficult, chiefly because law enforcement lacks a common definition of a gangster or what makes a particular crime gang-related" p.
Captain Eric Adams, who has worked for years in New York City law enforcement, points out an additional problem in gathering accurate information on gangs. He asserts that, in New York, "The police department won't properly classify certain crimes as gang-related, and so you don't know if there is an increase or decrease in the crime rate … It's a public relations exercise.
They think if they don't say it, then it's not happening" cited in Arinde,p. An important study that attempts to gather accurate information on gang activity in America is known as the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth NLSY97which began collecting data annually from That study gives the following definition for the concept of gang-involvement: By gangs, we mean a group that hangs out together, wears gang colors or clothes, has set clear boundaries of its territory or turf, protects its members and turf against other rival gangs through fighting or threats cited in Seals,p.
Seals gives a similar estimate on the number of gang members in the U. Citing other researchers, Seals observes that gangs are probably the main distributors of all illegal drugs, and most adolescents who commit murders in American cities are members of gangs p.
Voisin writes, "male adolescents were equally as likely as female adolescents to belong to a gang" p.
There has also been a significant increase in the female violent crime rate in the United States. In"the male Violent Crime Index rate was 8. Their conclusion is that female adolescents have been "closing the gap with male adolescents in terms of being arrested and committing more violent crimes.
In this original study, Voisin finds that "female adolescents were more likely to witness family violence, suggesting that for some of these girls, being raised in a dysfunctional family, coupled with community violence, may play some role in their gang involvement" p.
Common Characteristics There is also a relationship between youth being arrested and youth being part of gangs, though the number of arrested youth who belong to gangs is difficult to estimate.For instance, those who are members of the call color gangs, choose to live a life of crime and violence because they believe it is cool to be bad.
You can order a custom essay, term paper, research paper, Business Reports Persuasive Speech Informative Speech Buy Speech Buy Dissertation Essay Topics Buy Project Research Proposal. Youth violence is an adverse childhood experience and is connected to other forms of violence, including child abuse and neglect, teen dating violence, adult intimate partner violence, sexual violence.
Research on Gangs and Gang Violence FY14 (CFDA No. ) • Encouraging the use of secondary data to study gangs. Applicants may submit proposals addressing one or more of these identified gaps. The goals of the Gangs and Gang Violence program of research . Gang Involvement Research Paper Starter and whether or not peer pressure increases violent crimes among gang members.
The paper concludes by exploring various experts' proposals for reducing. The primary goal of DPH’s Youth Violence Prevention programs is to build the capacity of community based organizations to utilize positive youth development strategies to reduce multiple high-risk behaviors and threats to health and well-being.
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