What do we mean by Race, Ethnicity and Diversity? Race First of all, it is important to think of race in two different ways: It is obvious to anyone that we all have different physical features, and that those seem to be generally distributed around the world by geographical region.
Some Portuguese settlers were of Jewish or Moorish origin but most of them had converted to Christianity. There were also some Dutch immigrants to the Northeast in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
The Portuguese intermarried with the Amerindian population, which was decimated by conflict and disease. During the colonial period, after Indian slavery proved difficult to enforce, the colonists imported hundreds of thousands of slaves from Africa for labor on the sugar plantations, in the mines, and later on coffee plantations.
At first, slaves outnumbered the white settlers in many areas, but the balance eventually changed because of their high mortality and low fertility.
During the same period, settlers from Europe, primarily Germany, Italy, and Poland, established farming colonies in parts of the South. In the s, intermarriage with non-Japanese became common. As emphasized by anthropologists such as Gilberto Freyre and Darcy Ribeiro, all the racial and ethnic groups that arrived in Brazil intermingled and intermarried, with few exceptions.
This led to increasing mixtures of all possible combinations and degrees. Many individuals are, therefore, difficult to classify in racial terms.
Questions on color were included in the demographic censuses of,and Although the answers involved self-classification and may not have been objective, it was clear that the proportion of blacks decreased while that of mulattoes increased.
There was a simultaneous process of "whitening. Because of the lack of a clear color distinction and a strong cultural tradition of tolerance and cordiality, as well as longstanding explicit laws against racial discrimination, Brazil has been touted as a "racial democracy.
There is a very strong correlation between light color and higher income, education, and social status. Few blacks reach positions of wealth, prestige, and power, except in the arts and sports.
Although discrimination is usually not explicit, it appears in subtle forms: In the s, black consciousness began to grow, although the very lack of a clear color line in biological or social terms weakened racial solidarity of the nonwhite population. The prevailing notion that Brazil was a "racial democracy" also made it easy to dismiss black movements as un-Brazilian.
For the most part, the movements did not press for changes in government policy, which was already officially against racial discrimination. Instead, they emphasized racial pride and the struggle against subtle forms of discrimination and the often covert violence to which blacks were subject.
More about the Population of Brazil.Commissioner Handbook 1 the lifestyle of its members be an awareness that Christ came preaching the Kingdom of 2 God.”1 As the Bible teaches over and over, this saving rule of God would extend to the nations, 3 to a multi-racial, multi-ethnic people.
4 5 In other words, the committee was not starting from scratch in offering its report. Diversity Explosion: How New Racial Demographics are Remaking America [William H. Frey] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Race is once again a contentious topic in America, as shown by the divisive rise of Donald Trump and the activism of groups like Black Lives Matter.
Racial and ethnic diversity has a stronger impact on financial performance in the United States than gender diversity, perhaps because earlier efforts to increase women’s representation in the top levels of business have already yielded positive results.
In particular, this update concerns the definitions of racial/ethnic categories. Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino origin. The question on Hispanic or Latino origin is separate from the question on race.
Hispanic and Latino Americans have ethnic origins in the countries of Latin America. Racial and Ethnic Diversity Research “The Center is bringing a rigorous, research-to-action-to-results approach to a systemic problem.
I am pleased to work with the Center for Financial Planning to lead the Diversity Advisory Group in shaping new initiatives that can . The Changing Racial and Ethnic Composition of the US Population: Emerging American Identities. Even against the backdrop of an increasingly broad spectrum of racial and ethnic diversity, American race relations continue to pivot on the historical divide between white and black America.