Confucianism stood for a rigid, detailed, traditional pattern of hierarchical social behavior. Duties were assigned to all of one's social roles—and a person typically had many such roles, e.
Essays in the Philosophy of Religion Published: December 13, Philip L. Reviewed by Robert C. Roberts, Baylor University This book is a posthumous collection of some of the best papers of a distinguished, many-sided philosopher of religion, edited by one of his last students.
The foreword is a humorous, piquant, and appreciative personal reminisence by Eleonore Stump. Miller's introduction gives the gist, and in some cases reviews the polemical background, of each of the papers.
The book has six sections: Quinn argues first that the conclusion does not follow, because it is possible either that God issues no commands or that the commands he issues are consistent with the conscience of a morally autonomous agent.
Rachels might respond that the theist's reliance on his rational moral intuitions in judging whether or not to obey a purported command of God is itself a violation of the attitude of worship, because in relying on his own intuitions the theist is making his obedience to God conditional and thus not truly worshipful.
If so, says Quinn, Rachels would be confusing placing moral conditions on one's obedience to God with placing epistemic conditions on one's judgment about whether a purported command of God actually was a command.
But, Rachels might say, surely God could command anything, and thus might command that the human agent relinquish his moral autonomy; this possibility shows that worship of God is in principle inconsistent with our moral autonomy.
Quinn responds that the theist can deny that God could command just anything, since the idea of God is that of a morally perfect being.
Still, dilemmas between one's moral beliefs and what one has good reason to suppose God is commanding seem empirically possible consider, for example, Abraham, who might well think that killing one's children is wrong yet is faced with a purported command to kill his son Isaac.
One can easily resolve such a dilemma by denying, of any purported command to do what seems inconsistent with one's considered moral sense, that it is really a command of God.
But alternatively, the theist may think that if God commands a person to do what appears to him wrong, he may in fact be wrong about the apparent wrongness.
If the person acts on the judgment that his sense of the act's wrongness should be overridden, he does so with moral autonomy from "within his own conceptual framework" p. Lastly, Quinn explores some possible conceptions of subservient obedient and autonomous motivationally correct that might conflict and thus create trouble for the theist who wishes to endorse human subservience to God's will without undermining moral autonomy.
He briefly attempts to show that such conceptions would entail morally unpalatable assumptions.
In this paper, the philosophical strains in his work will be explored by examining two of his works: Reflections in Westminster Abbey and The Vision of Mirza. In the former, the main theme seems to be that of death and Addison deliberates freely upon his ideas and reflections regarding the same. (True/False) Plato founded the Academy, a school in Athens where philosophy, science, and mathematics were studied. True (True/False) Socrates lived to the ripe old age of . Essay Philosophical Strain in the Works of Joseph Addison. Seminar Paper On PHILOSPHICAL STRAIN IN THE WORKS OF JOESPH ADDISON Course Code: BHE Course Title: Prose Down the Ages [pic] Submitted by: SAMAH RAFIQ ENROLL. NO. A Submitted to: DR.
Quinn begins "Divine Commands: A Causal Theory" by rejecting metaethical divine command theories according to which the meaning of 'x is morally required' for example is identical with that of 'God commands x. Quinn instead constructs a normative divine command theory according to which x is morally required for example because and only because God commands x he states this view more formally than I do here.
Most of the paper consists in answering possible objections to this theory. The paper's goal is the modest one of showing "that a reasonable person would, other things being equal, not be completely justified in regarding the theory … as false" Quinn discusses the following objections.
If the theory is right, we have to know what God commands before we can tell right from wrong, which is absurd.
The theory isn't about how we know what is right, but about how what is right gets to be right. The theory provides no decision procedure in ethics. It wasn't designed to do so.
If moral principles are based on religious truths, then all the difficulties of achieving agreement in religion will likewise appear in ethics. One consequence of Quinn's causal divine command theory is that if either God does not exist, or God exists but commands nothing, then all actions are morally permitted.
But it seems that not all actions are morally permitted. It follows then that God exists and issues commands. So Quinn's theory is unpalatable to atheists, at least to ones who aren't moral nihilists.PhilPapers is a comprehensive index and bibliography of philosophy maintained by the community of philosophers.
We monitor all sources of research content in philosophy, including journals, books, open access archives, and personal pages maintained by academics. In this paper, the philosophical strains in show more content Some people try to pursue baubles that glitter but their footing fails and they fall down.
This is symbolic of the materialistic pursuits of a person. None of Hypatia's or Theon's works survived the burning of the Great Library. Science writer Carl Sagan aptly summarized the significance of the Great Library of Alexandria and the role of Hypatia in the following passage his book Cosmos.
Plato's Philosophical Influence Plato's upbringing and instruction from Socrates further developed Plato's philosophy, which affected the thinking of today. Plato was born in the year of in Athens. In this paper, the philosophical strains in his work will be explored by examining two of his works: Reflections in Westminster Abbey and The Vision of Mirza.
In the former, the main theme seems to be that of death and Addison deliberates freely upon his ideas and reflections regarding the same.
The goal of moral philosophy, on this view, is to produce a theory that makes some one concept central or fundamental, and derives the other moral concepts from the preferred one. By this standard, moral philosophers like Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas, not to speak of Kierkegaard, look pretty messy.