Canadians of Indian origin have been shaping and contributing to Canadian society from coast-to-coast since the beginning of the 20th century, and have seen a steady rise in population over the last three decades. Indo-Canadians have achieved success in all aspects of Canadian life including business, government, politics, academia, and the arts. Reflecting the rich diversity of India, the community has formed multiple associations to reflect their respective regional, cultural, and religious heritages in Canada. In addition to these associations, other organizations work to promote bilateral relations between Canada and India, provide social services, support newcomers, and more.
History[ edit ] There may have been encounters between South Asians and First Nations peoples in the sixteenth century along the Atlantic coast of present-day Canada.
Evidence from further south in the United States suggests that South Asian slaves were among the first settlers at Jamestown, Virginia. The first definitive encounters between the First Nations and other aboriginal peoples of present-day Canada and South Asia, began in the eighteenth century, when British traders engaged in the fur trade arrived along the Pacific coast of Northwest America.
These encounters involved the arrival of Lascars on ships from BombayCalcutta and Macau. The pioneers were men, mostly Sikhs from the Punjab ; many were veterans of the British Army. On their subsequent journey home, they visited the western coast of Canadaprimarily British Columbia which at the time was very sparsely populated and the Canadian government wanted to settle in order to prevent a takeover of the territory by the United States.
Upon retiring from the army, some of these men found their pensions to be inadequate. Some of them also found their land and estates back home in India were utilized by money lenders. They decided to try their fortunes in the countries they had visited.
They were able to get work in the police force and some were employed as night-watchmen by British firms. Others started small businesses of their own. These were modest beginnings but they had bigger ideas.
The Sikhs, who had seen Canada, recommended the New World to fellow Sikh people who were in a position to venture out and seek new fortunes.
Overcoming their initial reluctance to go to these countries due to the treatment of Asians by the white population, many young men chose to go, having been assured that they would not meet the same fate.
They were British subjects and Canada was a part of the British Empire. Queen Victoria had proclaimed in that throughout the empire the people of India that they would enjoy "equal privileges with white people without discrimination of colour, creed or race.
Most of the white Canadians feared workers who would work for less pay, and that an influx of more immigrants would threaten their jobs.
As a result, there were a series of race riots that targeted the Sikh immigrants, who were beat up by mobs of angry white Canadians, though often met with retaliation.
From the social pressure most decided to return to India, while a few stayed behind. To support the white Canadian population on the west coast of Canada, who did not want Indians to immigrate to Canada, the Canadian government prevented Indian men from bringing their wives and children untilwhich was another considerable factor in their decision to leave Canada.
This was part of a policy adopted by Canada to ensure that the country retained its primarily European demographic, and was similar to American and Australian immigration policies at the time.
These quotas only allowed fewer than people from India a year untilwhen it was marginally increased to people a year. In comparison to the quotas established for Indians, people from Europe immigrated freely without quotas in large numbers during that time to Canada, numbering in the tens of thousands yearly.
Most of the passengers were not allowed to land in Canada and were returned to India. When the Kamagata Maru returned to Calcutta now Kolkatathey were fired upon by the British, many died.
Viewing this as evidence that Indians were not treated as equals under the British Empirethey staged a peaceful protest upon returning to India. British forces saw this as a threat to their authority, and opened fire on the protestors, killing many.
This was one of the most notorious incidents in the history of exclusion laws in Canada designed to keep out immigrants of Asian origin. Recent settlement[ edit ] Policies changed rapidly during the second half of the 20th century.
In and there was a spike in migration from the Indian sub-continent into British Columbia.
Most of the migrants were Punjabi Sikhs though there were large numbers of Punjabi Hindus and Muslims. An estimated 4, arrived, at around the same time as a rise in Chinese and Japanese immigration.
The federal government curtailed the migration and over the next seven years, fewer than South Asians were permitted to land in British Columbia.Indo-Canadians entered this sector because they were not permitted to enter several other occupations.
By Indo-Canadians continued to be active in the wood business, and Indo-Canadian construction, wood processing, and distribution businesses opened by the s.
The Asian Pacific Post. The Puri-Puri Ebi is the classic prawn tempura made with panko that is drizzled with tartar sauce, sesame and parsley. Chinese national held for flying drone in Bodh Gaya A Chinese national has reportedly been nabbed by the Indian police in Bodh Gaya for flying a light weight drone without necessary permit on November Super rich Indo-Canadians may not be quite in the same league as business tycoons like Mukesh Ambani or L.
N. Mittal. But they are certainly a dynamic force in the Canadian economy and society. This book "A History of Indo-Canadians in Ottawa" is the first attempt at documenting the history, growth and evolution over years of Indo-Canadians from three immigrants who arrived in to a diverse, dynamic, and vibrant Indo-Canadian community today.
DUNCAN – The trail hearing of an Indo-Canadian man Kehar Garry Sangha f. February 24, Private Indian Hospitals Made % Profits On The Backs Of Patients: Report. NEW DELHI – Top private hospitals in Delhi and National Capital Region ha.
Immigration | New Canadians. February 21,