Transportation, in general, was improved, proving profitable to businesses which could now transport products easier and faster.
What has been the impact of the Iranian Revolution on Islam in world politics over the past three decades? The end of a 2,year-old monarchy in that country, announced on the 11th February after eighteen months of mass demonstrations, huge industrial actions and general strikes which deeply shook the Iranian society as a whole, brought about the victory of the Islamic revolution.
According to Sidel, the Iranian Revolution has been significant for three reasons: On the other hand, an Islamic revolution in Iran was possible by virtue of the networking capacity and mobilizing role of religious publications and institutions, rather than their inherent ideological impact.
The increase in the ulama followers against the Shah, that considered his overthrown as the primary political objective, was brought about by the afore-mentioned state repression of bazaaris and landowners, classes tied with the ulama.
Against this background, the political theory, and not only the religion perspective, for an Islamic government gained attention in the Iranian society and it was the conceptual basis on which the revolutionary discourse was gradually shaped. A shift that, as it is going to be described, has been motivated by the same tenets of political realism and pragmatism: The central idea on which the Islamist Iran is based is the vilayat-e faqih rule of the leading jurisprudent: Politics rules over religion.
In order to accomplish this demanding commitment, the Iranian clergy needed to institutionalize its power and the political effects of revolution, through the transformation of Iran form a monarchy to an Islamic republic endowed with its own constitution, laws, parliament, political party system and revolutionary committees.
Given that the use of armed force in war was permissible only in self-defense, the two major instruments to export revolution were culturally conceived: Embedded in this framework, it is easier to understand why, after the Cold war, Iran focused its efforts no more on spreading revolution, instead on a persistent attempt for acquiring a strategic advantage in the region by developing power capabilities and starting with building nuclear facilities.
Revolutionary Iran between political retrenchment and strategic concerns During the first decade of its existence, the Shiite regime succeeded in institutionalizing revolution in the country but failed in successful spreading it abroad. As a matter of fact, a series of constitutional and political changes affected the Iranian state-system, like those regarding an enhanced control of the government and bureaucracy by the clergy and the suppression of domestic opposition.
Eventually, also the Iranian society underwent to a radical transformation: For all these reasons, the second decade of the Iranian regime was characterized by a political retrenchment from revolutionary ideas and political Islam as its main driver: As a matter of fact, Rafsanjani and Khatami, both considered as reformist leaders, focused on strengthening Iran as a political and economic actor.
The economic recession which Iran suffered from in the following years was also worsened by the lack of foreign investments and, above all, by the American economic sanctions applied since Washington looked at Iran as a major threat in the Gulf region, especially after allegations of supporting terrorist groups and attempting to develop nuclear weapons.
Despite the renowned approach to international politics which allowed Iran to establish friendly relations with China, India and a notable number of semi or under-developed countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Cuba and North Korea byIranian strategic concerns remained unaltered during those years.
If the shah built his power aspirations on nationalism, since Khomeini carried on the same project prompted by Islamist radicalism.
By this token, the Iranian attempt to become a legitimate and international recognized political actor fell through: The objectives of the sole regional great power in the Middle East, along with its nuclear empowerment, have been summed up by Rubin: On the other hand, Iran has gradually became the new regional power in terms of military capabilities in the Middle East, especially in the last decade: John Hopkins University Press,p.
Florida International University Press,p. Ramazani, New York, Palgrave,p. Roots and Results of Revolution, New Haven: Yale University Press,p. Florida International University Press, Keddie, Nikki, Modern Iran: Yale University Press, Ramazani, New York, Palgrave, John Hopkins University Press, Effects of the industrial revolution essay.
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Effects of the Industrial Revolution Uploaded by tyson_ on Feb 02, The Effects of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was absolutely beneficial to the progress of the world from the s all the way to present day.
The Industrial Revolution completely transformed the role of the family. In traditional, agricultural society, families worked together as a unit of production, tending to fields, knitting sweaters, or tending to the fire.
This essay, however, will not assess the impacts of the Industrial Revolution in any other countries, nor will it assess factors other than the Agricultural Revolution, efficiently produced goods, and the Enclosure Movement. Industrial Revolution Essay The Industrial Revolution The Agriculture Revolution was a time when people worked the land by using simple hand tools.
By the ’s, most people in Western Europe and the United States lived on farms. The nation’s economy was based on farming and the making of goods by hand and trading.
The Industrial Revolution brought severe consequences to society.
Factory owners, needing cheap, unskilled labor, profited greatly by using children and women to run the machines. By the age of 6.