Some common high-risk situations are described by the acronym, HALT:
This will be done in one of the urban growth centres of the world, Lima, with particularly adverse boundary conditions. The project draws particular attention to the impacts of climate change on and the promotion of energy efficiency in water and sanitation systems.
Research carried out in the project builds upon previous studies and investigations of the consortium partners and, in particular, the results, contacts and intensive forms of cooperation that were accomplished during the successful preparatory phase of the Coping with change.
The relevant stakeholders have been identified and working relationships have been established. Furthermore, potential technologies of wastewater disposal and treatment have been analysed. Also, a preliminary version of a macro-modelling tool, simulating water and wastewater fluxes in Lima, facilitating analysis of scenarios and variants, assisting stakeholder discussions and decision making, has been set up.
Objectives of the "LiWa" project The LiWa project particularly focuses on the development and application of fundamental procedures and tools for participatory decision making, based on informed discussions.
The project builds upon modelling and simulation of the entire water supply and sanitation system within the urban growth centre system of Lima.
Furthermore, the project develops and evaluates options for redesigning the water tariff system to meet economic, ecologic and social requirements. With this approach, key issues and challenges of energy and climate-efficient structures of water and wastewater management will be adequately addressed.
Due to its importance, not only to Lima, but also globally, the lifeline water is chosen as the focal topic of the LiWa project. Using the example of Lima a case with particular challengesmethods and tools will be developed to analyse a life-line system.
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Based on this analysis, strategies and governance proposals will be generated that promise to combat effects of climate change in a sustainable way. Specific project objectives and work plan The following main tasks and specific project objectives have been identified for the LiWa project besides project management and dissemination: Integrated scenario development Due to the uncertainty of the climate change impacts and the variability in selecting and implementing mitigation and adaptation measures, it is mandatory to work with a set of scenarios that reflect a breadth of developmental options and provide orientation for the decision makers.
Climate downscaling, water balance, water supply and hydropower modelling The main objectives here are: Downscaling of climate change scenarios to the local scale and the simulation of the regional river basin catchments in the climate scenarios to include the effects of climate change on the water resources available for water supply, eco-systems and hydropower generation.
Macro-modelling and simulation system The main objective here is to develop a simulator for the visualisation, modelling and simulation of the entire water system and other resource fluxes within the urban growth centre of Lima.
This simulator will be applied for the evaluation of scenarios and operational variants and will help in long-term planning, taking into account climate change impacts and incorporating different sets of values and preferences.
Participation and governance approach The main objective here is to develop and test suitable processes for stakeholder and public involvement that link the outcomes of the integrated models analytic component with deliberative methods of decision making and public involvement.
Exemplary implementation for resolving specifically salient conflicts and development of an Integrated Governance Framework that includes government officials, economic players, representatives of sciences and civil society.
Only if these forces interact and cooperate is positive change likely to occur.
Education and capacity building The main objective here is to assist managers in capacity building and capability empowerment with respect to further mitigation and adaptation measures including cooperative structures between public authorities, Lima's water company, stakeholders and future professionals.
The underlying goal is to implement institutional structures that assure effective, efficient, financially viable and socially acceptable ways to manage water resources.
Economic evaluation of water pricing options The main objectives here are to identify and evaluate water pricing options that promise to overcome water quality and quantity problems in Lima. It will be analysed how well different options are able to recover the costs of water supply, meet distributional goals and overcome institutional and political-economical obstacles.
Moreover, light will be shed on possible changes of the institutional framework, which may be necessary to implement a pricing reform.
Integrated urban planning strategies and planning tools Development of water-sensitive, multifunctional urban planning strategies and tools. Workpackages of the LiWa project Structure of the project The project comprises of altogether ten partnersincluding research and education institutions, the major water utility, NGO partners and SME representatives.
The partners complement each other in their expertise in the various aspects of sustainability related to critical infrastructure systems. The project itself focuses on six core aspects, as illustrated in Figure 2. Overview of the LiWa project methodology and of its products The LiWa project is designed as a seed project, i.
Such an approach appears to be prudent due to the dynamic nature of the task and the inherent uncertainty involved in climate change issues.
A second feature of the projects underlying philosophy is a two-tier approach:The question I’m most often asked by readers is what are the best misophonia coping strategies?
Are there techniques that we can use to help us cope when we hear a misophonia trigger sound and how can we stop that feeling of sheer panic from ruling us.
Across a student’s lifetime, their world will change and change again. They’re likely to see industry reshaped, medical advancements, and huge changes to technology. Recovery Skills and Tools of Recovery The First Rule of Recovery.
You don't recover from an addiction by stopping using. You recover by creating a new life where it is easier to not use.
Coping with Change Obviously this lesson will not exhaust all of the more positive ways to deal/cope successfully with change. Hopefully, what I share with you will help you see what God provides us with in order to support us in times of change in our lives. Relationships & Arthritis.
Arthritis can affect your relationships in many ways. From having to cancel plans with a loved on, to not feeling romantic because of your pain, there are ways you can cope with the impact arthritis may have on your relationships. Approach dealing with change as a process.
Dealing with change is not like an electric switch that is either on or off. It is like baking bread.
There are many steps and ingredients. Both baking bread and dealing with change take time. Reframe the way you think about change. Choose to give positive meaning to life changes.