Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times. Students survey the evolution of African American expressive culture in music, literature, film, art, and dance.
Thomas Moran - Chicago World's Fair - Brooklyn Museum painting of the Administration Building Many prominent civic, professional, and commercial leaders from around the United States participated in the financing, coordination, and management of the Fair, including Chicago shoe company owner Charles H.
Schwab,  Chicago railroad and manufacturing magnate John Whitfield Bunnand Connecticut banking, insurance, and iron products magnate Milo Barnum Richardsonamong many others. World's fairs, such as London's Crystal Palace Exhibitionhad been successful in Europe as a way to bring together societies fragmented along class lines.
The first American attempt at a world's fair in Philadelphia indrew crowds but was a financial failure. Nonetheless, ideas about distinguishing the th anniversary of Columbus' landing started in the late s.
Civic leaders in St. Louis, New York City, Washington DC and Chicago expressed an interest in hosting a fair to generate profits, boost real estate values, and promote their cities.
Congress was called on to decide the location. New York's financiers J. What finally persuaded Congress was Chicago banker Lyman Gagewho raised several million additional dollars in a hour period, over and above New York's final offer.
On a Senate hearing held in Januaryrepresentative Thomas B. Bryan argued that the most important qualities for a world's fair were 'abundant supplies of good air and pure water, Bryan continued to say that the fair was of 'vital interest' to the West, and that the West wanted the location to be Chicago.
The city spokesmen would continue to stress the essentials of a successful Exposition and that only Chicago was fitted to fill these exposition requirements. Burnham was selected as director of works, and George R.
Burnham emphasized architecture and sculpture as central to the fair and assembled the period's top talent to design the buildings and grounds including Frederick Law Olmsted for the grounds. Davis's team organized the exhibits with the help of G.
Brown Goode of the Smithsonian. The Midway was inspired by the Paris Universal Expositionwhich included ethnological "villages". Frederick DouglassIda B. The exhibition included a number of exhibits put on by black individuals and approved by white organizers of the fair, including exhibits by the sculptor Edmonia Lewisa painting exhibit by scientist George Washington Carverand a statistical exhibit by Joan Imogen Howard.
It also included blacks in white exhibits, such as Nancy Green 's portrayal of the character, "Aunt Jemima" for the R. Brockhaus The fair opened in May and ran through October 30, Forty-six nations participated in the fair it was the first world's fair to have national pavilions constructing exhibits and pavilions and naming national "delegates" for example, Haiti selected Frederick Douglass to be its delegate.
The fair was originally meant to be closed on Sundays, but the Chicago Woman's Club petitioned that it stay open.
Wacker was the Director of the Fair. The layout of the fairgrounds was created by Frederick Law Olmsted, and the Beaux-Arts architecture of the buildings was under the direction of Daniel Burnham, Director of Works for the fair. Renowned local architect Henry Ives Cobb designed several buildings for the exposition.
Indeed, it was a coming-of-age for the arts and architecture of the " American Renaissance ", and it showcased the burgeoning neoclassical and Beaux-Arts styles.JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. This series drawings are made on the pages of an old cash book from East Rand Proprietary Mines from (with a few from other mine ledgers), in which the text under the drawings, either covered or glimpsed, is an important part of the history of the drawing.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. A Listing of articles in the American Philatelic Congress Books, introductory and connecting words such as "The" and "A", some punctuation, etc.
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