Lymanp. But the subcultural norms and values associated with gangs are not confined or limited to these groups. As we elaborate on below, however, while there is a great deal of cultural heterogeneity within prisons, gangs are often the dominant cultural presence in prisons, despite rarely comprising a majority of the prison population. The state of the literature on prison gangs and subculture is uneven.
Gangs are a type of support system. They provide all of the resources needed for survival. From Paynep. That is, the subculture allows the individual to derive psychological benefits of recognition and respect.
Consequently, the member of the subculture gains in self-esteem and in social status.
Martinet al. Second, as we learned in The Structure of Gangsgangs vary widely in their make up. They may consist of as few as two people who exhibit little organization in the gang and commit minor delinquent acts or crimes to highly organized crime gangs organized crime, crime networks, etc.
Even minor violations of law are still violations of the law. Truancy unexcused or inexcusable absences from school as a minor is an example. That's why I believe two boys who have an on-going relationship and who support one another in continually being truant have the potential for becoming a gang.
Gangs are a conscious product of young people organizing their lives on the streets. They usually begin as unsupervised male or female peer groups within defined urban spaces.
Some, but not all, evolve into formal organizations with social, economic, or political functions, and have older members. Gangs also organize within certain institutions, such as prisons and the military, with variable ties to outside street gangs or organizations.
Clark Centerno date, page Two friends playing hooky may not fit the image most people have of a gang, but they have the potential of forming one. Left alone, the behavior of the two boys may turn to other violations of law i. We define group delinquency as law-violating behavior committed by juveniles in relatively small peer groups that tend to be ephemeral, i.
Curry and Spergel, p. It's all a matter of degree, and the sooner we recognize what it is that is potentially developing, the more likely we are to "nip the problem in the bud," to use an old expression.
If the two boys are willing to violate the law and be truant, and they know what they're doing is illegal, they have an incorrect mind set. They need attention and supervision.
Without it, things could get worse. Why do gangs form? The gang, in essence, fills the void. Gardner, p. That may be the single most important question to ask concerning the gang phenomenon.
How Gangs Took Over Prisons. Originally formed for self-protection, prison gangs have become the unlikely custodians of order behind bars—and of crime on the streets. Prison gangs are defined as criminal organizations that are formed in the penal system and operate within the prison facilities of the United States. Each gang has established symbols and ways. A growing prison population of tough, young gang members and the lack of enough educational and rehabilitation programs for other inmates is fueling much of the violence in Maryland's prisons.
The answer to it reveals why some youths join gangs and, correspondingly, the needs gangs fulfill for youths which are going unmet. The situation in the United States is repeated in other cultures, as I witnessed when studying the gang situation in Canada, England, and the Netherlands.
Nearly everyone I interviewed identified the causes of gang formation within a relatively narrow range of possibilities.
They believed unmet needs drove many youths to join gangs, as did greed and fear. The causes of the waves of street gang and wanna-be group activity in Vancouver were elusive, but the main reasons for involvement with GordonAmerican psychologist Abraham Maslow Maslowcategorized human needs into higher and lower levels.
He referred to this as the "hierarchy of needs.Causes, Effects, and Treatments: Impact of Gang Culture and Violence on Elementary, Middle, and High School Aged Children Douglas L. Semark, Ph.D. Executive Director and Chief Learning Ofﬁcer, Gang Alternatives Program Commissioner, LAUSD Human Relations Commission Urban Gangs In America.
The prison gangs and subculture literature concentrates on the causes and consequences of gang and subculture behaviors and processes in incarcerated settings, as .
Youth join gangs for different reason, the common denominator of which, we can safety say, is disaffection profound identity loss they are looking to Why do youth join prison gangs? Youth join. Causes for prison violence can include gang-related activity.
Gangs are present within prisons and include groups and alliances that have developed both inside and outside of prison walls.
If a prisoner supplies guards with information about another prisoner, he or she is known as a snitch. In some cases, snitches can be assaulted or stabbed by other prisoners for their behavior, as it goes against 'prison .
This is why prison gangs are so central to the culture and economy of large prison systems like California and Texas, but don’t arise—or play little role—in smaller prison systems in places.
While gang members can avoid contact with other gangs on the outside, close quarters do not allow rival inmates this luxury in prison. Along the same lines, racial issues and affiliations divide inmates and can result in violence as well.