Capital punishment -- the death penalty Basic reasons that people give to support or oppose the death penalty Sponsored link.
Axes and Swords for Beheading Beheading was a form of execution rather than a form of torture, but it could form part of a programme of torture.
For example beheading was a part of the process of drawing, hanging, and quartering. Capital punishment cruel and unusual essay has been used as a form of capital punishment for millennia. The terms "capital offence", "capital crime", "capital punishment," derive from the word caput, Latin for "head", referring to the punishment for serious offences involving the forfeiture of the head.
Decapitation by sword or axe was considered the "honourable" way to die for a noble, who, being a warrior, could often expect to die by the sword in any event.
In England it was considered a privilege of noblemen and noblewomen to be beheaded.
Others suffered a dishonourable death death on the gallows or through burning at the stake. In medieval England the penalty for treason by men was to be hanged, drawn, and quartered. The penalty for women traitors was to be burned at the stake. In practice sentences of nobles were almost always commuted to beheading.
In legends of Christian martyrdom the fictitious saints withstood all attempts to execute them, until the wicked heathens finally beheaded them. If the headsman's axe or sword was sharp and his aim true, decapitation was quick and presumed to be a painless form of death.
If the instrument was blunt or the executioner clumsy, multiple strokes might be required. The person to be executed was therefore advised to give a gold coin to the headsman to ensure that he did his job with care.
Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, required ten strokes before being dispatched by a fatal blow. To ensure that the blow would be fatal, executioners' swords were usually blade-heavy two-handed swords.
If an axe was used, it almost invariably would be wielded with both hands. In England a special form of axe was used for beheadings, with the blade's edge extending downwards from the tip of the shaft.
Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, first cousins and the second and fifth wives of King Henry VIII were both condemned to be burnt alive for adultery, but on Henry's orders they were both beheaded. Lady Jane Grey was also condemned to burn as a traitoress but again the sentence was commuted to beheading by Mary I.
The Vatican City abolished its capital punishment statute in Barrel Pillory, or Spanish Mantle A barrel is fitted over the entire body, with the head sticking out from a hole in the top. The person is kept locked in the barrel, forcing him to kneel in his own filth, and in some cases suffer extremes of hot or cold.
For a short time this was merely unpleasant, but prolonged confinement could cause death through hunger or thirst, or scaphism - allowing or encouraging insects to breed on and feed on the victim's flesh.
The defenceless individual's faeces accumulated within the container, attracting ever more insects, which would eat and breed within his or her exposed and often gangrenous flesh. Feeding the victim would often be allowed each day in some cases to prolong the torture, so that dehydration or starvation did not provide him or her with the release of death.
Delirium would typically set in after a few days. Death, when it eventually occurred, was probably due to a combination of dehydration, starvation and septic shock. It was used for a range of other misdemeanours, often represented pictorially on the exterior of the barrel.Many opponents of capital punishment say that execution is cruel and unusual punishment and therefore violates the Constitution.
As was stated earlier, the recipient of the death penalty is treated humanely and is not tortured in any way, shape, or form. Juvenile Death Penalty One of the most controversial questions in the juvenile justice system today is, “Should the death penalty be applied to juveniles?
”. A lot of people think that the death penalty for juveniles is cruel and unusual punishment and should only be used for adults. The crimes that juveniles commit are as [ ]. Punishment vs. Rehabilitation The criminal justice system comprises many distinct stages, including arrest, prosecution, trial, sentencing, and punishment, quite often in the form of imprisonment.
- Capital Punishment is Not Only Unusual, But Cruel The most widely known aspect of the eighth amendment is the fact that it prohibits cruel and unusual punishment. Cruel and unusual punishment is perceived as punishment that causes “an unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain” (Bailey).
In the middle ages torture was used to extract information, force confessions, punish suspects, frighten opponents, and satisfy personal hatred. Capital Punishment Is Not Only Unusual, But Cruel Essay Words | 4 Pages. Capital Punishment is Not Only Unusual, But Cruel The most widely known aspect of the eighth amendment is the fact that it prohibits cruel and unusual punishment.