Ancient world[ edit ] Satior self-immolation by widows, was prevalent in Hindu society until the early 19th century. The status of women in ancient Egypt depended on their fathers or husbands, but they had property rights and were allowed to attend court, including as plaintiffs.
Quotes Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Wasp Factory, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
Francis Leslie Cauldhame, known as Frank to his family and friends, believes himself to be a teenage boy who was accidentally castrated by the family dog, Old Saul, at age three.
Frank identifies as male, although his missing male genitalia, and the resultant lack of male sex characteristics like facial hair or muscle toneare sources of anxiety and frustration.
In his mind, he has developed a strict hierarchy, where men are superior and women are inferior. Although he acknowledges that no one is exclusively masculine or feminine, and everyone has some masculine qualities and some feminine qualities, Frank has cultivated a hatred for the feminine.
This satirization of misogynist speech, combined with a last-minute revelation regarding his own gender, which makes Frank realize the holes in his misogynist worldview, lends itself to a reading of The Wasp Factory as a feminist or at least anti-sexist novel, in which Banks argues that men and women are in fact equally capable, and deserve equal treatment.
He believes that the family dog, Old Saul, accidentally castrated him when he was a toddler, and now he has no male genitalia. Many of his ideas of gender come from his own tenuous sex—he believes himself to be male but lacks many of the male sex characteristics that he would use to define his own masculinity.
Still, Frank compensates for his castration through violence, and through a calculated hatred of women. He sees violence as the domain of men, which he can claim through action if not biology.
At one point he lays out his philosophy: We—I consider myself an honorary man—are the harder sex. We strike out, push through, thrust and take. The fact that it is only an analogue of all this sexual terminology I am capable of does not discourage me.
I can feel it in my bones, in my uncastrated genes. These things I hate. Women because they are weak and stupid and live in the shadow of men and are nothing compared to them This likely comes from a desire to separate himself from women abstractly, as, lacking male genitalia, he has difficulty separating himself from them physically.
His view of women also likely comes from resentment towards his mother, Agnes. As it is, I hate her name, the idea of her. Even as Frank draws strict distinctions between men and women, he acknowledges that men can have feminine traits and women can have masculine traits.
He discusses this in regard to Eric, who he believes was too fragile, and too feminine. Initially confused, Frank confronts Angus, who explains that Frank was born as Frances.
Old Saul did attack Frances who uses female pronouns after her discoverybut the dog did not castrate her, as she always had female genitals. Angus nevertheless took the accident as an opportunity to experiment.
He began feeding Frances male hormones, and raising his daughter as a son. Although Frank spends much of the novel disparaging women, his misogynistic ideas are never particularly convincing. Following the climax, where Frances finally understands that her aggression and violence was not due to some inherent masculinity, but instead overcompensation for perceived femininity, her entire philosophy falls apart.
Men are not inherently better or stronger, and women are not inherently weaker and more fragile. Instead, women and men can both have traditionally feminine or masculine traits, which is what makes them complex, interesting individuals.
This self-knowledge is, in the end, more important than any reductive ideas of masculinity or femininity. Frances is happy to drop any theories about the superiority of men.
How often theme appears:But on the other hand boy, did a lot of those dead male authors hate women. Here are some of the more sexist books we read in school, and what we should have read instead.
Sexism means discrimination based on sex or gender, or the belief that men are superior to women and thus discrimination is justified. Such a belief can be conscious or unconscious. In sexism, as in racism, the differences between two (or more) groups are viewed as indications that one group is superior or inferior.
Jan 07, · For men and women afflicted by misogyny, Christian Men Who Hate Women offers hope for reversing deeply established patterns of relating to and coping with cruelly. Islam The fourth chapter (or sura) of the Quran is called “Women” (An-Nisa). That men view culture and society as male is understandable, given that the male sector of the population need not think about the world’s gender, as there is no visible difference or conflict between what a men is about and how the world is supposed to run.
Anthropologist David D. Gilmore also argues that misogyny is a "near-universal phenomenon" and that there is no male equivalent to misogyny, further defending manifestations of perceived misandry as not "hatred of men's traditional male role" and a "culture of machismo".
Misogyny is the hatred of, contempt for, or prejudice against women or girls. Misogyny is manifest in numerous ways, including social exclusion, sex discrimination, hostility, androcentrism, patriarchy, male privilege, belittling of women, violence against women, and sexual objectification.
Misogyny can be found within sacred texts of religions, mythologies, and Western philosophies.