Youth Samuel Clemens, the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens, was born two months prematurely and was in relatively poor health for the first 10 years of his life. His mother tried various allopathic and hydropathic remedies on him during those early years, and his recollections of those instances along with other memories of his growing up would eventually find their way into Tom Sawyer and other writings. Because he was sickly, Clemens was often coddled, particularly by his mother, and he developed early the tendency to test her indulgence through mischief, offering only his good nature as bond for the domestic crimes he was apt to commit. When Jane Clemens was in her 80s, Clemens asked her about his poor health in those early years:
When Twain was about four, his family moved again, this time to Hannibal, Missouri, a small town of about five hundred people. Twain's father was a lawyer by profession but was only mildly successful. He was, however, highly intelligent and a stern disciplinarian. Twain's mother, a southern belle in her youth, had a natural sense of humor, was emotional, and was known to be particularly fond of animals and unfortunate human beings.
Although the family was not wealthy, Twain apparently had a happy and secure childhood. Early Career Twain's father died when Twain was twelve years old and, for the next ten years, Twain was an apprentice printer and then a printer both in Hannibal and in New York City.
Hoping to find his fortune, he conceived a wild scheme of making a fortune in South America. On a riverboat to New Orleans, he met a famous riverboat pilot who promised to teach him the trade for five hundred dollars.
After completing his training, Twain piloted riverboats along the Mississippi for four years. During this time, he became familiar with the towns along the mighty River and became acquainted with the characters who would later inhabit many of his novels, especially Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn.
When the Civil War began, Twain's allegiance tended to be Southern due to his Southern heritage, and he briefly served in the Confederate militia. Twain's brother Orion convinced him to go west on an expedition, a trip which became the subject matter of a later work, Roughing It.
Writing Career Even though some of his letters and accounts of traveling had been published, Twain actually launched his literary career with the short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," published in This story brought him national attention, and Twain devoted the major portion of the rest of his life to literary endeavors.
Mark Twain, one of America's first and foremost realists and humanists, was born in during the appearance of Haley's Comet, and he died during the next appearance of Haley's Comet, 75 years later.A Short Biography of Mark Twain Born in Florida, Missouri in , Samuel Langhorne Clemens would start a life that would be filled with great satire short stories.
However, later in life he would go by his pseudonym, Mark Twain. Mark Twain (a.k.a., Samuel Longhorne Clemens) was born in the little town of Florida, Missouri, on November 30, , shortly after his family had moved there from Tennessee.
When Twain was about four, his family moved again, this time to Hannibal, Missouri, a small town of about five hundred people. Watch video · Hannibal inspired several of Mark Twain's fictional locales, including "St. Petersburg" in Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn.
These imaginary river towns are complex places: sunlit and exuberant on the one hand, but also vipers' nests of cruelty, poverty, drunkenness, loneliness and life-crushing boredom—all parts of Sam . The short story brought international attention and was even translated into French.
His wit and satire, in prose and in speech, earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty. Mark Twain, A Biography: The Personal and Literary Life of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, Harper Children: 4 including Susy, Clara and Jean.
Mark Twain Biography Mark Twain (November 30, – April 21, ) was an American author, publisher and charismatic humorist. Twain is considered by many to be the ‘Father of American Literature’ – his best-known novels are ‘ The Adventures of Tom Sawyer ‘ and ‘ Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ‘.
Twain, Mark: autobiography A discussion of The Autobiography of Mark Twain and an overview of the Mark Twain Papers at the Bancroft Library of the University of California, Berkeley. Displayed by permission of The Regents of the University of California.